Quest for Integrity
The Mexican-U.S. Drug Issue in the 1980s
Download eBook for Free
|PDF file||3.4 MB||
Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.
Purchase Print Copy
|Add to Cart||Paperback75 pages||$25.00||$20.00 20% Web Discount|
The continuing flow of drugs from Mexico to the United States has been a major source of tension between the two countries over the past two decades. This Note, based on interviews with U.S. and Mexican government officials and on an extensive body of literature (official U.S. reports, journal articles, and scholarly literature), analyzes the interaction of the two countries with respect to drugs. It begins by developing estimates of the value added in marijuana and opium/heroin production in Mexico, itself a country with a very small drug use problem. It then examines the political setting of drug production and trafficking, arguing that to understand the response of the Mexican government to drug production, it is necessary to recognize the long history of smuggling in both directions across the U.S.-Mexican border and to appreciate Mexico's long-standing concerns with maintaining national sovereignty. The authors also examine the emergence of a new Mexican national security apparatus and doctrine, which has played an important role in forming the country's response to the growth of cocaine transshipments in the late 1980s. Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari has intensified efforts to fight corruption and increase the effectiveness of Mexican programs. Nonetheless, estimated drug production grew substantially in the first two years of the Salinas administration. Thus U.S. concern remains focused less on the level of drug exports from Mexico than on the perceived integrity of Mexican control efforts.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Note series. The note was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1979 to 1993 that reported other outputs of sponsored research for general distribution.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.