This Note examines the evolution of the Polish armed forces since the political changes of mid-1989 in Poland. It concentrates on tactical and operational developments that have taken place. It also discusses the political-military changes that have shaped the evolution of the Polish army. The findings are based on a review of the indigenous military press and on conversations with Polish civilian and military officials. The author suggests that Poland seems to be moving toward the adoption of a new national security policy that would be intellectually akin to concepts of national security in the West. Changes in Polish operational thinking suggest that the reform of the military is quite advanced, and impossible to reverse. Finally, Poland is likely to continue efforts to diminish its dependence on the Soviet Union in the military sphere.