A discussion of the reasons why Soviet leaders believe their civil defense program is an integral part of the Soviet defense posture, contributing directly to the country's readiness for war. Their postwar civil defense program has been in effect over ten years and has been expanded and accelerated since 1955. Its purpose is not only to ensure the physical survival of a substantial element of the population, but also to preserve civilian morale and provide for the rapid recuperation of the country from attack. In the event of a war, it becomes essential to ensure the survival of the administrative control and the industrial forces that may be expected to influence the further course of the war possibly even to determine its outcome.
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