A description of the key features of the Soviet civil defense program and especially of those aspects that deal with defense against radioactive, chemical, and bacteriological agents. The reasons for the long-standing Soviet interest in civil defense are discussed, as well as the basic concepts of Soviet civil defense doctrine. Despite the fact that Soviet authorities appear to be losing interest in some types of urban shelters, and current Soviet propaganda is denying the value of civil defense, the author indicates that the Soviet Union still has an active civil defense program.
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