Multiple scattering of light in clouds is both important and complex. It is necessary to deal with time-varying diffuse light fields in the presence of anisotropic scattering and polarization, the coupling of radiation with heat and moisture transfer, and other complicating aspects. For the sake of simplicity, this paper views the radiative transfer problem in clouds as that of multiple scattering with an anisotropic phase function, leaving out heat transfer and other effects. Anisotropic scattering processes also take place in lakes and oceans and in glacial ice.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.