Defense Planning and Budgeting

The Issue of Centralized Control

by James R. Schlesinger


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 3.3 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback66 pages $25.00 $20.00 20% Web Discount

An examination of the revolution in defense management that began in 1961 with the appointment of Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara. One of the most significant institutional modifications was the introduction of the program budgeting system characterized by (1) a format in which plans and budgets are presented in terms of programs and program elements; (2) extensive use of special papers and cost-effectiveness analyses to provide additional aid in deciding how resources should be allocated among programs and program elements; and (3) bookkeeping devices for checking on the Services and Commands to make sure that OSD allocations and decisions are being implemented. Hypothetical effects of the new degree of centralization introduced into the system, and the impact of the new procedures in specific decision contexts, are discussed. (To be published in the monograph series of the Industrial College of the Armed Forces for use in its instructional program.)

This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.