A New Administration Faces National Security Issues

Constraints and Budgetary Options

by Malcolm W. Hoag

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback34 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

A consideration of the international and domestic policy constraints that may affect U.S. military planning in the 1970s. A feasible defense budget for the 1970s is constructed that is based on the FY 1965 budget, which was a model of austerity while maintaining large general forces for contingencies. The resulting budget is $50 billion in 1969 prices, or only about 5 percent of the GNP of the early 1970s. It reflects hard choices made between policy constraints and indicates a strategic arms freeze, but implies more drastic cuts in military capabilities. Since U.S. military structural changes might have serious repercussions abroad, they could not be adopted without consultation with U.S. allies and, hopefully, in reasonable negotiation with the Soviet Union. Among the international implications to be considered are (1) prospects of a strategic arms freeze with the USSR; (2) NATO capability and will, permitting U.S. unilateral force reductions; and (3) maintenance of the credibility of Asian commitments.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.