The Analysis of Effectiveness of Programs in Elementary and Secondary Education.
A discussion of effectiveness from two points of view: ways in which the effectiveness of various aspects of a school district's program may be measured and analytical techniques for using these measures. Basic to the assessment of the effectiveness of a program element is the selection of appropriate goals. These will vary according to the type of program element and the characteristics of the student population. Measures of effectiveness when related to resources provide a useful guide to allocation of resources within program elements. As yet, there is no way to find the best allocation among program elements. However, if the resourceeffectiveness relationships are known for each program element, more efficient allocations can be made. General principles for assessing effectiveness are: the guage of effectiveness is tied to the problem; systems being compared should be the same in all respects that would affect output, except those being examined; all of the major outputs should be considered; and correlation only suggests causality. 42 pp. Refs. (MJP)