Resource Allocation Techniques for Logistics Management
A description of six RAND-developed, integrated, analytic, computer-run (but nonsimulation), cost-effectiveness models for logistics planning and support: SCAM (source-coders cost analysis model), METRIC (multiechelon technique for recoverable item control), MINE (multi-indenture NORS evaluator), RTM (real-time METRIC), RPM (repair priorities model), and WRSK (war reserve spares kit). The models basically calculate supply distribution, but also involve maintenance, operations, and asset management. All derive from a common body of mathematical theory and ancestor, the base stockage model (BSM), which optimizes budget allocation across a group of recoverable or reparable spare parts used at one air base. Though designed to enable the Air Force to maintain combat capability on reduced budgets, these models are useful to any organization seriously interested in integrated logistics support, including the other military services, hardware contractors, the airlines, and medium-sized manufacturing and distribution companies.