An article for [Mid East: A Middle East-North African Review], August 1970. Algeria has had some political stability for over five years. A December 1967 attempt to overthrow Boumedienne resulted in removal of the former guerrilla leaders from office, leaving a homogeneous elite of technicians and military professionals in their thirties and forties. The collegial style of decisionmaking, which frequently resulted in no decision, has been altered to permit firmer presidential action. Energies have been channeled into internal development and improving foreign relations (both the Soviet Union and France have made large contributions). The Kabylia, one of the poorest sections, is now booming. While the FLN remains the only legal party, communal and departmental assembly elections offer a choice between two candidates for each office; national elections are expected in 1971. Can the decision to emphasize production rather than consumption meet the problems of extreme unemployment (50 percent of males), enormous birthrate, backward agriculture, and the generation gap? 10 pp.