Rural-Urban Migration in Colombia

by T. P. Schultz

Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback25 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

The greatest effect of Colombia's postwar population explosion has been a massive migration from rural to urban areas. Using a model, this study explores the causes of interregional migration. Massive interregional shifts of population are a dynamic adjustment to imbalances between regional supply and demand for labor. Other factors affect the decision to migrate: the cost of migration; the migrant's educational level; and, in Colombia, the level of violence within a local region. Migration to the cities is also sex and age selective, drawing forth young, able-bodied, and unencumbered workers--particularly women, who often have more to gain than men from leaving traditional rural society. The proposed model interprets local age- and sex-specific rates of interregional migration as approximately linear functions for six independent variables: local wage rates in agriculture; two measures of education; the estimated local rate of population increase with no migration; the level of regional political violence; and distance to the nearest large town. 25 pp. Ref.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.