Reviews applications of human capital research to military manpower issues, including a brief outline of the development of human capital theory. The paper focuses on three research topics: (1) estimates of the net investment in military training, (2) assessments of the transferability of sector, and (3) estimates of training premiums for military-acquired training. Severe data problems due to a military/civilian data gap have hindered both longitudinal and cross-sectional studies. Increased accuracy and detail in data can help manpower planners concerned with issues of procurement, training, retention, and compensation for military personnel.
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