The Impact of Multiple Educational Options on Students' Self and Social Perceptions

by Tora K. Bikson


Full Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.7 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 FormatList Price Price
Add to Cart Paperback24 pages $20.00 $16.00 20% Web Discount

Multiple options in education were experimentally introduced in a multicultural school district. Effects of the experimental learning environments on students' perceptions of themselves and significant others were evaluated using a nonverbal self-social constructs test. Data were collected from 4000 subjects representing experimental and traditional elementary schools. Analyses of variance employing school type, grade, ethnicity, and sex as independent factors supported the following conclusions. Students in the multiple option system perceive themselves as closer to their teachers, more attached to their peers, and more generally included in the domain of social influence; yet they retain a stronger sense of individuality.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

Permission is given to duplicate this electronic document for personal use only, as long as it is unaltered and complete. Copies may not be duplicated for commercial purposes. Unauthorized posting of RAND PDFs to a non-RAND Web site is prohibited. RAND PDFs are protected under copyright law. For information on reprint and linking permissions, please visit the RAND Permissions page.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.