Outlines the effects that the military has on youth labor force participation and the youth job market, and concludes that the military's demand for labor is an important determinant of both the size and composition of the youth labor force. Changes in the military's demand for labor can have significant effects on the youth labor market, including employment prospects, the size of the youth labor force, and other variables affecting American youth. The military also exerts a major influence on the supply-side behavior of the youth labor force. The most significant for the civilian labor market is the human capital that former Service members bring back when they rejoin the civilian work force. Thus youth employment rates ought to be defined in terms of the total labor force, not just in terms of the civilian labor force. Developing such appropriate measures of youth unemployment can lead to more informed policy decisions.
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