Discusses some economic, managerial, and political policy issues associated with public school teachers' collective bargaining. Current economic theories of unionism (public or private) indicate that many collective bargaining effects are basically empirical questions. The economic literature and other relevant empirical works of public employees' unionization were analyzed to identify those topics warranting additional policy-oriented research. The overwhelming majority of the previous studies are econometric wage determination models for teachers. In general, these models find that teachers' unions do increase salaries slightly compared to nonunion teachers. However, the evidence relating to nonwage issues such as a fringe benefits, educational finance, budgetary allocations, capital-labor substitutions, bargaining processes, and so on, is not adequate to derive educational policy implications. Preliminary empirical and methodological research strategies are discussed to provide a more structured understanding of collective bargaining in public education. 56 pp. Ref.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.