An analysis of civil-military relations in Romania. Because of the subordination of the Eastern European countries to the Soviet Union, their military establishments have been denied their national defense prerogatives and relegated to a secondary role in a Soviet-dominated quasi alliance. At the same time, efforts to instill in the military an internationalist value-system have not been successful. This study proposes that an accommodation between the two institutions could come about as a result of Party modification of its universalist philosophy toward a more nationalistic stance. Such a development has been characteristic of the Romanian drive for independence. The Party has come to rely on the military for protection from external threat, as well as support for its policies of independence and economic mobilization, and has sought to accomplish an accommodation by cultivating nationalism and granting the military considerable institutional autonomy.