A study of the relationship between the computational methods of "linear programming" and the logic of market mechanisms. Discussed in the paper are (1) the theory of comparative advantage and (2) the cheapest-adequate-diet problem.
Samuelson, Paul Anthony, Market Mechanisms and Maximization. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1949. https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P69.html. Also available in print form.
Samuelson, Paul Anthony, Market Mechanisms and Maximization, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, P-69, 1949. As of January 13, 2022: https://www.rand.org/pubs/papers/P69.html