Turkey revisited: reflections on Turkish society and culture after 20 years of absence

by Graham Fuller


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This paper presents a series of sociopolitical reflections on the Turkish experience since the 1920s, when Mustafa Kemal Ataturk set the country on the path toward Western-style modernization, and on the results of this process, which has accelerated and generated countercurrents and a wide range of reactions. The author, who lived in Turkey for several years during the 1960s and returned after a 20-year absence, identifies significant issues for judging Turkey's future political, social, and economic evolution: the role of religion in society, the parameters of democracy, the implications of integration into Europe, and the importance of minority and extremist political forces.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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