Europe is on its way to a security system based on three complementary elements: an evolutionary altered Atlantic Alliance, an intensified and institutionalized Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe process, and an accelerated process of European integration culminating in political union. The Soviet Union must be included in this system as a key player in European affairs, without giving Moscow a chance to become a dominating power. To achieve this, the Soviet Union should retain significant residual strategic options even after a successful disarmament process; Europe must achieve internal strategic stability at the lowest possible balanced force level and the ability to protect its common external interests; and Germany must fulfill its European responsibilities by contributing to a collective defense. Germans are well aware of the factors determining the future of European security and want to assume their share of responsibility for it. What is needed now is the imagination to develop a concept for future security. The Europeanization of security issues provides the framework on which Germany can assume a mature role in a European or even a global security context.