Europe 1991: the grail of unity

by Marten van Heuven


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The Europe 1992 program and the two intergovernmental conferences on European economic and political unity have encouraged remarkable progress toward a stronger European Community (EC) and European integration. Following the Persian Gulf war, however, the EC countries appear tentative about the basic shape of the political unity that is their declared goal. Moreover, the objective of common European foreign and security policies remains elusive. The outlines of two security models emerge, one centering on NATO and the other on the EC. Ultimately, European thinking will coalesce around the latter. Although the trend toward economic union is accelerating, political union will take decades. Meanwhile, the Germans search for a leadership role in both Eastern and Western Europe. (The author visited Europe several times in spring 1991.)

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