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The process of shaping a European security architecture masks what amounts to a struggle for the realignment of political power in a Europe where the Soviet Union has collapsed, U.S. forces are being reduced, and Germany is unified. The European security system, in whatever form it eventually emerges, will embrace East European and Baltic countries, as well as the European republics of the former Soviet Union. For now, NATO remains the only effective security mechanism, tying the United States to Europe. But Europeans will seek to construct their security policies around the European Economic Community (EC). Whatever structures emerge from the EC summit in Maastricht in December 1991 will be transitional. The outlook for a common EC security policy this decade remains remote. While Europe churns toward a political realignment, steadiness will be the best U.S. approach.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.

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