This study describes the efforts to renew NATO in 1989-1991, the downturn of 1992, and the implications for U.S. policy toward NATO and Europe. It concludes that the United States must remain an active leader in Europe and that the Alliance must be kept vibrant. Rejecting the status quo, however, it also calls for major reforms of NATO aimed at creating a new transatlantic bargain that would help restore NATO's internal unity and give the alliance a better security policy. Under the new bargain, the West European allies would be given more satisfactory roles in the Alliance, and the United States would provide stronger support for the emergence of a WEU/EC security pillar. In exchange, the allies would cease any efforts to marginalize the United States, and would commit themselves to maintaining a credible NATO military strategy and force posture. Moreover, NATO would prepare itself for security and military roles beyond its borders, would more effectively work with CSCE, and if necessary, would be willing eventually to admit new democratic members into the fold.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Paper series. The paper was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 2003 that captured speeches, memorials, and derivative research, usually prepared on authors' own time and meant to be the scholarly or scientific contribution of individual authors to their professional fields. Papers were less formal than reports and did not require rigorous peer review.
Our mission to help improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis is enabled through our core values of quality and objectivity and our unwavering commitment to the highest level of integrity and ethical behavior. To help ensure our research and analysis are rigorous, objective, and nonpartisan, we subject our research publications to a robust and exacting quality-assurance process; avoid both the appearance and reality of financial and other conflicts of interest through staff training, project screening, and a policy of mandatory disclosure; and pursue transparency in our research engagements through our commitment to the open publication of our research findings and recommendations, disclosure of the source of funding of published research, and policies to ensure intellectual independence. For more information, visit www.rand.org/about/principles.
The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.