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In response to new global challenges, defense education practitioners have promoted multinational and multistakeholder training in defense education institutions. The United States, working in close cooperation with North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) headquarters, has signaled the importance of defense education in its engagement with a number of former Soviet Union states and NATO partner nations of interest through the creation of the Defense Education Enhancement Program (DEEP).

This document reviews DEEP by defining the program, its functions, and why it is valuable to participating nations. The authors describe its specific purpose, the efforts that have been made to gauge DEEP's effectiveness, some select accomplishments, and the significant lessons learned about the program.

The work reviewed in this perspective was conducted in the RAND National Defense Research Institute by the International Security and Defense Policy Center and by the Forces and Resources Policy Center. NDRI is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Combatant Commands, the Navy, the Marine Corps, the defense agencies, and the defense Intelligence Community.

This publication is part of the RAND Corporation Perspective series. RAND Perspectives present expert insights on timely policy issues. All RAND Perspectives undergo peer review to ensure high standards for quality and objectivity.

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