Cover: The Effect of Fuel Price Increases on Energy Intensiveness of Freight Transport

The Effect of Fuel Price Increases on Energy Intensiveness of Freight Transport

Published 1971

by W. E. Mooz

Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback56 pages $20.00

Analyzes the use of energy for transporting U.S. intercity freight and the effect of higher fuel price. Several original methods of estimating unit energy consumption are developed and applied to determine average values and trends. Water transport is found to consume an average 500 Btu per ton/mile; rail, 750; pipeline, 1,850; truck, 2,400; and air cargo, 63,000, or 45 times the average for all transport modes in 1968. Only a small shift to air freight, from the present less than 0.2 percent to 2 percent of all intercity ton/miles, would double the average unit energy consumption for all freight modes. If present trends continue, this increase will occur by the year 1996. Because of its high fuel consumption, however, air freight growth would tend to be inhibited by higher fuel prices, while surface transport would be little affected. Higher fuel prices may result from shortages, the cost of environmental constraints, new taxes, or other reasons.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.