Demand projections for California indicate that the electric utility system may grow seven times its 1970 size by the year 2000. This report identifies conditions under which policies for slowing the growth of electricity demand might be desirable and discusses likely economic costs. The report includes (1) a general description, in qualitative terms, of the major economic effects of a policy-induced slowing of electricity demand growth in any given state or region, and (2) an examination of the quantitative evidence for California regarding the two potentially most worrisome side-effects of growth-slowing policies: investment relocation and the acceleration of fossil fuel demand growth. In addition, the efficiency of electricity pricing is analyzed in a case study of a Southern California utility. (See also R-1084, R-1115, R-1116.)
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