Cover: Japanese National Security Policy

Japanese National Security Policy

Domestic Determinants

Published 1972

by Paul Fritz Langer


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 4.4 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback92 pages $25.00

Japanese defense policymaking is constrained by the psychological-political atmosphere of postwar Japan. The popular attitude toward military power remains essentially negative, because of (1) doubts regarding the utility of military power to Japan; (2) concern about a revival of militarism; and (3) the conviction that Japan need not fear aggression if it does not provoke its neighbors through rearmament and military alliances. The success of Japanese postwar policy emphasizing economic and social development rather than national power also tends to militate against a radical change in national priorities. The nature of the Liberal-Democratic Party and the Japanese decisionmaking process, based on consensus and compromise, as well as the role of the business community, discourage drastic reorientation of Japanese defense policy. If no major changes in the international environment occur, therefore, existing psychological-political constraints will pose effective obstacles to any rapid quantitative or qualitative rearmament of Japan.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.