The Chieu Hoi Program in South Vietnam, 1963-1971
Begun in 1963 at the initiative of the U.S., which recognized its potential as a counterinsurgency weapon, the Chieu Hoi Program became one of the most cost-effective programs in the pacification effort, resulting in the defection and neutralization of over 194,000 VC/NVA adherents and personnel. Now entirely GVN-administered, it has made some progress as a framework for national reconciliation and as such may serve as a precedent and device for use by those concerned with post-war rehabilitation in SVN or in other countries threatened by insurgency. The author sums up the results of earlier research on the defection of VC/NVA personnel and describes the organization and operation of the program. A bibliography includes numerous documents constituting policy and operating guidelines. Included as appendices are GVN and US(MACV) documents essential to analysis and evaluation of the program.