Cover: Antarctic Icebergs as a Global Fresh Water Resource

Antarctic Icebergs as a Global Fresh Water Resource

Published 1973

by John L. Hult, Neill C. Ostrander


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 4 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback92 pages $30.00

Provides a background for seriously considering the use of Antarctic iceberg resources, including discussions of the demand for good quality fresh water and thermal pollution abatement, resource opportunities, and the potential economic impact of exploiting these resources. The report broadly discusses the technological feasibility and cost estimates for acquiring Antarctic icebergs, moving them, and controlling their melting. Preliminary estimates are given for terminal conversion of icebergs into fresh water. If a way can be found to move icebergs and control their melting so as to deliver 10 percent of the annual yield economically, this operation could potentially satisfy the water demands of an urban population of 500 million, and have a direct economic impact of as much as $10 billion annually. A model of the transport operations from the Ross Sea to Southern California shows that the operational cost of delivering a large iceberg train (1.22 x 10 to the 13th power) to California on a one-year cycle would be about $8 per 1000 cubic meters ($10 per acre-ft).

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.