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Reviews programs to alleviate rural deprivation in material well-being, health, and legal services. Human resource development programs worthy of expansion are Operation Hitchhike, Area Concept Expansion, Concerted Service in Training and Education, Operation Mainstream, and Neighborhood Youth Corps. Area development programs are expensive and have diffuse effects. Job placement and migration programs suggest that relocation assistance is an inexpensive way to provide jobs for the unemployed. The Office of Economic Opportunity's successful Legal Services Program attacks the vast unmet demand for individual case handling; there is equal need for legal aid in economic and civil rights matters. Unmet health needs exacerbate rural poverty. Various programs influence the geographic distribution of doctors, encourage clustering of health facilities, and promote the use of paramedical personnel. All such supply-side programs will be deficient, however, until the rural poor are enabled to speak for themselves and provide diagnostics from within. (See also R-1081, R-1103.)

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

The RAND Corporation is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.