This report analyzes emergent ethnodemographic and ethnopolitical trends in the USSR and discusses their economic, military, and political implications for the Soviet regime and for the West. There is a large disparity between the population growth rates of the country's "European" (Slavic and Baltic) nationalities, which are low and have steadily fallen, and the growth rates of its "non-European" (Caucasian and Central Asian) nationalities, which are extremely high. As a consequence, by the end of the century, between 20 and 25 percent of its teenagers and young adults will be "non-Europeans," of whom the vast majority will be Muslim Central Asians. 33 pp. Ref.