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Summarizes the findings of a RAND study of the intended and unintended urban effects of federal policies. Market forces, primarily, have stimulated employment and population growth in the Sunbelt and West at the expense of the Northeast, and in suburbs at the expense of large central cities. Federal policies have strengthened those effects. The most influential policies were not expressly designed with cities in mind, but have exerted inadvertent and mostly adverse effects on cities. The report offers advice and guidance for local policymakers, and for federal policymakers who must decide whether the federal government should try to ameliorate conditions resulting from market forces and inadvertent federal policies, and who must determine which policy mechanisms are most germane to the chosen federal role.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

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