Cover: An Evaluation of the Emergency School Aid Act Nonprofit Organization Program

An Evaluation of the Emergency School Aid Act Nonprofit Organization Program

Vol. III, The Role of Community Organizations in Facilitating School Desegregation

Published 1978

by Lorraine M. McDonnell, Gail L. Zellman, M. S. Weatherford


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 4.5 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback136 pages $15.00

Third in a series of volumes resulting from a two-year study of the Emergency School Aid Act nonprofit organization (ESAA-NPO) program, this report compares the effectiveness of ESAA-NPOs and non-ESAA community organizations in school desegregation. Based on interview and record data collected on 131 community organizations in 40 school districts throughout the country, the analysis used an impact score to measure the amount of change a group brought about in its community. The study found that the most significant determinant of high impact was a group's choice of tactics and activities. Groups that delivered educational services had a low to moderate impact. One of the most important predictors of group success was the decision to engage in advocacy activities. Although the study concedes that federal policymakers would probably not consider funding such community groups, it suggests other activities acceptable for ESAA funding, including information dissemination, the building of support for the desegregation plan, and efforts to increase parental involvement in the schools.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.