Explores the implications and potential uses of an index-of-harm methodology for comparing occupational risk across industries. A preliminary comparison showed that at current average levels of radiation exposure and based on the apparently low International Commission of Radiological Protection (ICRP) estimates of the dose-harm relationship, the radiological "industry" appears to be less risky than mining; agriculture, forestry, and fisheries; construction; transportation; and manufacturing. The calculations were based on the risk effects of six occupational harms--three nonradiological (death, accidental injury, and disease or illness) and three radiological (radiation-induced somatic effects, genetic effects, and somatic effects on the fetus or embryo of pregnant women)--and on five different assumptions about the relative importance or degree of aversion of the six harms. The index of harm is a potentially useful tool in quantifying the benefits of reducing occupational risk.
Solomon, Kenneth A. and Stanley Charles Abraham, The Index of Harm : A Measure for Comparing Occupational Risk Across Industries. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 1979. https://www.rand.org/pubs/reports/R2409.html.
Solomon, Kenneth A. and Stanley Charles Abraham, The Index of Harm : A Measure for Comparing Occupational Risk Across Industries, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, R-2409-RC, 1979. As of July 28, 2021: https://www.rand.org/pubs/reports/R2409.html