The Aggregate Effects of Federal Education Programs

by Jackie Kimbrough, Paul T. Hill

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The purpose of this study was to investigate the aggregate effects of the many federal and state requirements that school districts must implement. It assessed whether the combination of all those requirements produced unintended outcomes. The study was initiated in 1979 and was intended to identify problems that Congress might try to rectify in its scheduled 1982-1983 review of federal education policy. This report identifies only problems caused by separate, federally funded and state funded education programs. Interference and cross-subsidy was found in all schools and districts in the sample. Problems of multiple program implementation can be minimized through the actions of both federal policymakers and local administrators. Local administrators need to acknowledge the reality of special programs for the disadvantaged and accept responsibility for their management.

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