This report identifies and compares the methods used by two agencies in the U.S. Department of Education--the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) and the Office of Special Education (OSE)--to effect state and local compliance with civil rights statutes and special education law. Based on personal interviews with federal, state, and local officials, the report reviews the agencies' operations; policies, procedures, and actual conduct for dealing with states and localities; and effects on state and local educational agencies. Two models of federal influence are derived: one is enforcement, primarily used by OCR, that levies sanctions against alleged or actual violators; the other, evidenced by OSE, is promotion, which relies on the self-interested actions of local individuals. The final section presents a conceptual model that presents potential barriers to successful implementation of federal laws and suggests strategies to overcome those barriers.
This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.
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