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This study examines the relative tendencies of Communist and non-Communist nations to develop or overdevelop their military dimensions, compared with other nations and with the development of their own civil sectors. The four military dimensions are spending burden, manpower proportion, sophistication or overall levels of military and civil technology, and civil-military relations. The analysis is based on a sample of 26 Communist nations and 63 non-Communist nations, and covers the period 1966-1983. The authors conclude that Communist systems display greater development of military dimensions than do non-Communist systems, and greater development of military dimensions than their own nonmilitary ones.

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