This report is based on the extensive empirical work reported in R-3593, the underlying hypothesis of which is that Marxist-Leninist systems, compared with non-communist systems, tend to have larger and more developed military sectors relative to nonmilitary sectors. The authors consider the reasons communist systems may be inclined toward more developed military dimensions, summarize the methods and empirical findings of the study, and consider the implications of the analysis for both U.S. policy toward, and further analysis of, communist systems.
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