This report analyzes the accession behavior of enlistees who have had prior military service either on active duty or in reserve service. The report focuses on the accession behavior of prior service reservists who served in the active Army or in the Army Reserve and Army National Guard. These reservists account for the largest number of separations, and these components have also traditionally had relatively greater problems in meeting their end-strength requirements. The authors endeavor to determine which policies appear to increase accessions among prior service personnel, placing special emphasis on reserve pay and affiliation bonuses. They investigate how skill match varies across different occupations, the timing of entry, years of service, and area demand.
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