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An integral part of any attempt to restructure a school is the need to create time for the school staff to help design, endorse, and enact that reform. All of these activities must be accomplished in addition to the time demands of the school day. Based on a review of the relevant education and business literature as well as interviews with representatives of over 40 organizations involved in changing schools, this report details the role time plays in successfully planning the strategies and tactics of reform. In addition, the study constructs an inventory of six general approaches supplemented by specific examples of devices that create opportunities for teachers to meet, train, observe, and reflect. Finally, the report recommends steps all the parties to education reform could take to address better the issue of creating adequate time for reform.

This report is part of the RAND Corporation Report series. The report was a product of the RAND Corporation from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

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