A Study of Close Air Support (A Briefing Summarizing the Comparisons of Model with Combat Results and Illustrating the Influence of Supporting Arms on Fire-fight Outcomes)

Published 1971

by Jennifer Lind, Kathleen Harris, S. G. Spring


Download eBook for Free

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 1.6 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.


Purchase Print Copy

 Format Price
Add to Cart Paperback44 pages $20.00

Comparisons of FAST-VAL model results with Vietnam combat results indicate that FAST-VAL computed munitions effects are consistent with the "conventional wisdom" of engagements — that is, force ratios on the order of 3:1 or better are preferred for attack and ratios of 2:1 are marginal. As an illustration of the model's use, supporting arms requirements are computed for one type of delivery tactic — area fires. The results suggest that relatively modest but timely support fire can stop an infantry attack and that, with current standard munitions, the attacker's weapon requirements are impractically high. It is concluded that FAST-VAL can be used to examine other tactics and weapons in the context of a fire fight. Such analyses should provide a basis for making improved choices among weapons and delivery systems and for answering associated questions dealing with sortie demands, delivery timing, and weapon alternatives.

This report is part of the RAND report series. The report was a product of RAND from 1948 to 1993 that represented the principal publication documenting and transmitting RAND's major research findings and final research.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit www.rand.org/pubs/permissions.

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.