Urbanization, Development, and Under-Five Mortality Differentials by Place of Residence in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1970-1991
In this paper, I examine differentials in under-five mortality for the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, between urban and rural areas and by location within urban areas over a 21-year period between 1970 and 1991. I also investigate economic inequalities in under-five mortality for urban areas. During the period 1970-1991, much of the infant and child mortality transition unfolded in Sao Paulo. I investigate whether these improvements in mortality were accompanied by narrowing differentials by place of residence and declining economic inequalities in mortality. I draw on microdata from Brazilian censuses conducted in 1970, 1980, and 1991.