U.S. and European policy toward Turkey and the Caspian basin

by F. Stephen Larrabee

The collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the disintegration of the former Soviet Union have created a new set of strategic challenges facing the United States and its European allies. This shift in the locus of strategic threats and challenges poses new policy dilemmas for U.S. and European policymakers. This study examines U.S. and European policy toward Turkey and the Caspian basin. The first two sections discuss the impact of the end of the Cold War on Turkey's foreign and domestic policy, particularly Turkey's growing involvement in the Middle East and Caspian basin. The third section examines Turkey's role in the new U.S. strategic agenda. The fourth and fifth sections focus on Turkey's increasingly troubled relations with Greece and Europe. The sixth section discusses the growing importance of the Caspian region in U.S., European, and Turkish policy. The final section focuses on the implications of recent trends for Western policy and transatlantic relations.

Originally published in: Allies Divided: Transatlantic Policies for the Greater Middle East, MIT Press, 1997, pp. 143-173.

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