Download Free Electronic Document

FormatFile SizeNotes
PDF file 0.1 MB

Use Adobe Acrobat Reader version 10 or higher for the best experience.

Research Brief

To maintain U.S. combat readiness, Air Force fighter pilots must receive an adequate amount of operational training during peacetime. Less experienced pilots fly training sorties under the supervision of senior pilots in order to acquire the variety of skills they need for combat operations. In recent years, the reduction in the number of fighter squadrons in the force structure, the loss of experienced pilots due to retirement and attrition, and the reduction in funding for training sorties has made it difficult for the Air Force to absorb new pilots in a timely way. This problem has resulted in an overall decline in the experience level of fighter squadrons.

As part of ongoing research on pilot training, RAND Project AIR FORCE (PAF) has developed mathematical models that enable analysts to predict future operational training needs for fighter squadrons. Different versions of the models exist for A/OA-10, F-16G, F-16J, F-15C/D, and F-15E squadrons.

  • An optimization model calculates the minimum number of sorties needed to train a given fighter squadron. Analysts specify the numbers of aircrew members in different positions (and with distinct capabilities) within a squadron and their levels of experience. Recognizing the underlying skills and the variety of sorties where those skills can be learned and practiced, the model calculates how many sorties must be flown per half-year to provide all crew members with adequate training. Analysts can use this model to plan future training needs and to examine how different manning configurations may raise or lower sortie requirements.
  • A simpler "repro" model reproduces selected results from the optimization model and shows how suboptimal conditions would affect pilot absorption. For example, analysts can examine how reduced sorties, overmanning, and undermanning would affect the time it takes newcomers to acquire adequate experience and skills.

PAF is using these models for further research such as exploring how organizational changes or greater use of flight simulators would affect training requirements. These efforts will help the Air Force identify effective options to improve its absorption of new fighter pilots.

Research conducted by

This report is part of the RAND research brief series. RAND research briefs present policy-oriented summaries of individual published, peer-reviewed documents or of a body of published work.

This document and trademark(s) contained herein are protected by law. This representation of RAND intellectual property is provided for noncommercial use only. Unauthorized posting of this publication online is prohibited; linking directly to this product page is encouraged. Permission is required from RAND to reproduce, or reuse in another form, any of its research documents for commercial purposes. For information on reprint and reuse permissions, please visit

RAND is a nonprofit institution that helps improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis. RAND's publications do not necessarily reflect the opinions of its research clients and sponsors.