This research brief describes work documented in Organizing, Training, and Equipping the Air Force for Crises and Lesser Conflicts (MR-626-AF).

Excerpt: The U.S. armed forces of the post-Cold War era are sized and structured principally to fight and win two nearly simultaneous major regional conflicts (MRCs). Since Operation Desert Storm, the armed forces have been committed to more than 20 nonroutine operations outside the borders of the United States. Although it has been preparing for MRCs, the military has found itself instead dispensing humanitarian aid, conducting peace operations, enforcing sanctions, and in other ways intervening in response to numerous crises and lesser conflicts (CALCs).

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