This research brief describes work documented in U.S. Abortion Policy and Fertility (RP-800).

Excerpt: As measured by the total fertility rate (TFR), or the number of lifetime births per woman, fertility in the United States fell sharply in the early 1960s. It dropped below replacement levels in the 1970s, where it remains today. Also in the late 1960s and early 1970s, several states, followed by the U.S. Supreme Court in its 1973 Roe v. Wade decision, legalized abortion. Following legalization, Medicaid funded many abortions, but since then most states have stopped such funding.

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