This research brief describes work documented in FORWARD-Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch: Final Report (MR-736-EAC/VW) and FORWARD-Freight Options for Road, Water, and Rail for the Dutch: Executive Summary (MR-739-EAC/VW).

Excerpt: European freight transport demand has experienced virtually uninterrupted growth since the 1970s. This growth has been fueled in large part by changes in the structure and production methods of the manufacturing industry. These changes have led to increasingly more flexible, diverse, rapid, and tailored transport systems, with reductions in shipment size and increases in shipment frequency.

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