The Transition to Stable Employment: The Experience of U.S. Youth in Their Early Labor Market Career
Dec 31, 1994
This research brief describes work documented in The Transition to Stable Employment: The Experience of U.S. Youth in Their Early Labor Market Career (MR-564-NCRVE/UCB/LE).
Excerpt: What happens when young people leave high school and enter the labor force? There is a widely held perception that American high school graduates "mill about," holding many jobs and not settling into stable employment until their mid-to-late twenties. This early-career instability raises policy concerns about lost training and productivity: Supposedly, leaving a job courts risk of unemployment, job leavers lose the firm-specific skills they have developed, and high turnover discourages firms from training young people. Despite the certainty implied by a proliferation of school-to-work programs, this perception is not based on empirical evidence, and research results are contradictory.