Park-and-ride schemes can be an effective means of reducing private automobile traffic within the congested centre of an urban area. Therefore, in order to accurately assess the effects of different transport policies, travel demand models must include elements of park-and-ride choice. RAND Europe’s modelling team has significant expertise in the development of park-and-ride models, as a means to assess both the feasibility of proposed park-and-ride developments and the growth in demand at existing sites.
Sivakumar, Aruna, Modelling Park-and-Ride: Understanding multi-modal travel. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2007. https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9289.html.
Sivakumar, Aruna, Modelling Park-and-Ride: Understanding multi-modal travel, Santa Monica, Calif.: RAND Corporation, RB-9289-RE, 2007. As of September 26, 2022: https://www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9289.html