A discussion of Indonesia's second decade of independence. The conditions are strikingly different from those that prevailed during its first five years as a new state. Current trends toward military authoritarianism, and possible even totalitarianism, are indicated. Martial law has been invoked. An elected parliament has been replaced by an appointed one. Civil war is going on in the form of guerrilla operations in Java, Sumatra, and the Celebes. The economy is running down. The reasons for this national tragedy are explained, and the tactics used by President Sukarno to maintain his position are described.
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