A study of the widespread, well-planned, and party-controlled uses of Soviet military labor in civilian economic establishments. These practices have become intensified since the October 1957 Plenum of the Central Committee of the CPSU. The personnel used for this purpose come from the conventional non-strategic forces. The author notes the stiffening opposition of these military forces to practices that, they argue, interfere with their training and readiness. Evidence is presented which indicates that the party may be in the process of reviewing its attitudes to military "shefstvo." In the past few months, the party has make some conciliatory gestures to the disgruntled military.
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